B6 Awareness Programme

B6.1 Does your country have an awareness programme (capacity-building, training, workshops, etc.) for stakeholders to have a better understanding on:

B6.1.1 How could cross-border data exchange be implemented?

Background

Awareness programme is important for stakeholders to understand how cross-border data exchange could be carried out so as to reduce their anxiety and that they will be prepared to address any issues that may arise. Capacity building and training workshops must be conducted to build understanding and skills among stakeholders on topics such as data harmonization, simplification, compatibility, interoperability, and security.

Good Practices

Awareness programme aims to raise understanding and also build capacity of both public and private stakeholders in several aspects of cross-border data exchange. The awareness and capacity building programme should be conducted in the early planning and also during implementation stages.

The awareness programme should address benefits and also potential challenges such as ensuring effective stakeholder engagement, an enabling legal framework, and re-engineering business processes, and data harmonization. It could also cover lessons learned from other countries in implementing cross-border data exchange.

If a country lacks the expertise to carry out such awareness programme to cover some certain topics such as business process analysis, data harmonization & simplification, system development, project management, etc., it may look for technical assistance from external parties under the Framework Agreement on Cross-border Paperless Trade.

References and Case Studies

B6.1.2 Potential business transactions and documents for cross-border data exchange?

Background

Potential benefits and possibility of business transactions and documents appropriate for cross-border data exchange may not be obvious. Awareness and capability building programme could help public and private stakeholders to understand those issues including potential transactions and documents for cross-border data exchange.

Good Practices

There are several potential business transactions and documents related to international trade that cross-border data exchange could be beneficial to stakeholders. However, it depends on the context, specific needs and priority of each country which is different.

Different countries have chosen different documents and related business transactions for establishing electronic cross-border data exchange, e.g. certificates of origin, phytosanitary and sanitary certificates, CITES Permits, and customs declarations including transit data.

References and Case Studies

B6.1.3 Methods of identifying inhibitors that need to be addressed?

Background

Many countries recognize the benefits of cross-border paperless trade by enabling the exchange of trade-related data and documents in electronic form across the countries. However, there are several challenges and inhibitors that need to addressed. In several cases, the country may lack the expertise and methods to identify inhibitors and how to address those challenges.

Good Practices

The awareness programme should raise understanding of stakeholders about potential challenges and inhibitors for establishing cross-border data exchange, and also methods to identify them, and how to deal with those issues under the country's context. Lessons learned from other countries in dealing with inhibitors e.g. lack of sustainable political will, or weakness of the inter-agency collaborative platform, and how to implement cross-border data exchange including critical factors are valuable and should be shared.

References and Case Studies

B6.1.4 If the country has not conducted any awareness and capacity building programme related to B6.1.1 and B6.1.3, what is your country’s future plan and targeted timeline to conduct an awareness programme?

Background

Awareness program is important for stakeholders to understand how cross-border data exchange could be carried out so as to reduce their anxiety and that they will be prepared to address any issues that may arise. If a country has not conducted any awareness and capacity building programme or does not have enough of such programme, the future plan and targeted timeline to conduct an awareness programme should be established.

Good Practices

The country should access the levels of awareness and understanding of stakeholders related to cross-border paperless trade including potential benefits, organizational and technical issues and challenges. Key public agencies and representatives of private sectors could work together to identify needs and develop the country’s future plan and targeted timeline for awareness and capacity building programme.

References and Case Studies

 

B6.2 Does your country have the capacity to carry out: (i) Business process analysis; (ii) Data harmonization and simplification; (iii) System development; and (iv) Project management?

Background

Awareness and training programme is very important for building understanding and skills among stakeholders on how cross-border data exchange and paperless trade systems could be implemented. Key stakeholders must understand and possess skills related to several technical tasks, especially on business process analysis, data harmonization and simplification, system development, and project management. If a country lacks the expertise for those specific tasks it may look for technical assistance from external parties for training and consultation.

Good Practices

Awareness and training programme is important for key stakeholders to understand and build skills on how cross-border data exchange could be implemented. The capability building programme should cover topics related to streamlining processes on license, permits, certificates and other regulatory restrictions in a cross-border data exchange environment, data harmonization and standardization of those documents and required data, multi-agency large-scale project management, and system development.

References and Case Studies

 

Glossary
  1. “Data harmonization” involves a set of activities that improve the consistency in the use of data elements in terms of their meaning and representation format. More...

  2. “Business Process Analysis (BPA)” is a methodology for the analysis of a business with a view to understanding the processes and improving the efficiency and effectiveness of its operations. It describes the processes involved, parties participating, information exchanged and documents produced. More...

  3. “Cross-border paperless trade (CBPT)” means trade in goods, including their import, export, transit and related services, taking places on the basis of trade-related data and documents in electronic form. Framework Agreement on Facilitating of Cross-Border Paperless Trade in Asia and the Pacific (Article 3: Definitions).

  4. “Trade-related data” means data contained in or transmitted in connection with a trade-related document. Framework Agreement on Facilitating of Cross-Border Paperless Trade in Asia and the Pacific (Article 3: Definitions)